1956 Lasker Awards

Karl Meyer, Francis O. Schmitt

For pioneering studies of the biochemical components of connective tissues, contributing to new understanding of arthritis and rheumatic diseases. Read about the achievement

V. Everett Kinsey, Arnall Patz

For discovering that excessive oxygen administration is the cause of retinopathy of prematurity in premature babies. Read about the achievement

Louis N. Katz

For contributions to cardiovascular research and his advancement of the concept that experimental atherosclerosis is basically a metabolic disease that is preventable and reversible. Read about the achievement

Jonas E. Salk

For developing a safe and effective injectable vaccine against poliomyelitis. Read about the achievement

William P. Shepard

For pioneering work as an industrial health physician, educator and government advisor. Read about the achievement


Gaylord Anderson, University of Minnesota, Chair of the Jury

Leona Baumgartner, New York City Department of Health ● George Cameron, Deputy Minister of National Health, Ottawa, Canada ● Paul Hoch, New York State Department of Mental Health ● Pearl Kendrick, University of Michigan ● Robert Loeb, Columbia University ● Currier McEwen, New York University ● Malcolm Merrill, Department of Public Health, State of California ● Roy Morton, Oak Ridge National Laboratory ● Gregory Pincus, Worcester Foundation for Experimental Biology ● Howard Rusk, New York University-Bellevue Medical Center ● Leonard Scheele, Warner-Chilcott Laboratories ● Harry Weaver, American Cancer Society ● Irving Wright, Cornell University Medical College