Prior Awards

Special Public Health Awards

Research Team of Merck Sharp and Dohme Research Laboratories: Karl H. Beyer, Jr., M.D., Ph.D.; James M. Sprague, Ph.D.; John E. Baer, Ph.D.; Frederick C. Novello, Ph.D. For their creation of a new spectrum of medications for the control of high blood pressure.

Award Citation
For their pioneering leadership in creating a new spectrum of medications-the thiazide diuretics, and, specifically, chlorothiazide—for the control of high blood pressure and of edema associated with cardiac failure. Such compounds are now universally accepted as a primary treatment for these conditions.

In creating these new agents, the designed research plan of the four scientists involved the conception, and subsequent validation, of new theories about kidney function in maintaining the integrity of electrolyte balance in the body.

The diligence of these collaborators has been rewarded by the saving of untold thousands of lives and the alleviation of the suffering of millions of victims of hypertension—a condition which afflicts more than 23 million Americans and is often the precursor of stroke, congestive heart failure, and renal disease.

Tailoring their research design to the concept of a drug that would safely eliminate excess body salt and fluids involved in those diseases, the team succeeded in revising many traditional medical concepts and in proving the effectiveness of chlorothiazide. For the brilliant blending of the individual contributions of: Dr. Karl H. Beyer, Jr., pharmacologist and physician, who hypothesized an ideal diuretic for hypertension; Dr. James M. Sprague, organic chemist, who directed the chemical search for sulfonamide compounds that promote the excretion of body salt; Dr. John E. Baer, pharmacologist, who directed exhaustive animal tests which demonstrated that chlorothiazide was effective and suitable for clinical trials in man; and Dr. Frederick C. Novello, organic chemist, who first synthesized chlorothiazide and invented the thiazide family of anti-hypertensive diuretics, this Albert Lasker Special Award is given.

The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Robert I. Levy, M.D., Director
For the Hypertension Detection and Follow-Up Program, standing alone among clinical studies in its profound potential benefits to millions.

Dorothy T. Krieger, M.D., D.Sc.
Special Award for the brilliant intellect, determination and vision she brought to the field of neuro-endocrine research and the scientific community.

Centennial Salute to the National Institutes of Health
For 100 years of leadership in biomedical research, establishing the pre-eminence of the United States in the fight against death, disease and disability.

Special Awards

Thomas Parran, M.D.
Special Award for outstanding leadership in public health administration; as Surgeon General of the U.S.; as President of the International Health Conference, which resulted in the establishment of WHO; and for his contributions to the control of venereal disease.

Haven Emerson, M.D.
Special Award for vision in developing a national program of rural health services.

Charles-Edward Amory Winslow, Dr. P.H.
Special Award for more than half a century of inspiring and inspired leadership; teacher and exponent of public health for the nation and the world.

Alan Gregg, M.D.
Special Award for his years of distinguished service as Vice President of the Rockefeller Foundation and leader in the fields of public health, medical education and research.

Senator Lister Hill and Congressman John E. Fogarty
Special Awards for extraordinary public service for their unique and preeminent contributions to public health and medical research, through their inspired leadership in the Congress of the United States.

Group Award Citations

National Institutes of Health
In recognition of its fundamental contributions to the prevention and control of disease.

Northern Regional Research Laboratory of the U.S. Department of Agriculture
For the development of new and powerful strains of penicillin-producing molds and for research in the production of penicillin.

Board for the Coordination of Malarial Studies
For comprehensive studies of the widest variety of anti-malarial agents.

Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine of the U.S. Department of Agriculture
For the solution of problems involving the health and comfort of the Armed Forces, with particular reference to insect-borne diseases and the use of DDT.

Army Epidemiological Board
For research in the nature and mode of spread of influenza, the mapping of its epidemiology, and a vaccine.

The British Ministries of Food and Health
For the unprecedented program of the Ministry of Food, by which the public health in Great Britain was maintained and improved, in spite of the stress of war.

Veterans Administration-Department of Medicine and Surgery
In recognition of the efficient program developed to provide modern medical care for millions of veterans.

The American Academy of Pediatrics
For studies of personnel services and facilities for the protection of child health.

The Life Insurance Medical Research Fund
For initiation of a program of research into the main cause of cardiovascular disease.

United States Committee on Joint Causes of Death
For significant contributions to the international statistical classification of diseases, injuries and causes of death.

International Health Division of The Rockefeller Foundation
For outstanding achievement in the control of infectious diseases and the education of health personnel throughout the world.

The Health Insurance Plan of Greater New York
For courageous pioneering with a combination of group medical practice and prepayments to provide comprehensive health services of high quality. David Heyman, Chairman of the Board, and George Baehr, Medical Director, accepted the award for The Health Insurance Plan of Greater New York.

Alcoholics Anonymous
In recognition of its unique and highly successful approach to that age-old public health and social problem: alcoholism.

Division of Research Grants, National Institutes of Health
For outstanding administration of a research grants program.

University Laboratory of Physical Chemistry Related to Medicine, Harvard University
For basic protein studies leading to fundamental achievements in the field of blood separation and more particularly in gamma globulin preparation.

Streptococcal Disease Laboratory, Armed Forces Epidemiological Board, Francis E. Warren Air Force Base—Charles H. Rammelkamp, Jr., M.D., Director
For outstanding contributions to our knowledge and control of streptococcal diseases.

The Food and Drug Administration—HEW
For a half century of public service in safeguarding the American people against contaminated or misrepresented products.

Medical Care Program, Welfare and Retirement Fund of the United Mine Workers of America
For brilliant and dedicated scientific planning which has created a model program of health services for a million and a half workers and their families.

Crippled Children's Program of the Children's Bureau, HEW
For new comprehensive services of the highest quality for physically handicapped children.
Chronic Disease Program of the California State Department of Public Health
For recognizing that the prevention and control of chronic disease should be a matter of public health concern.

Albert Lasker Awards Given by the International Society for the Rehabilitation of the Disabled

Henry H. Kessler, M.D., Ph.D.
Juan Farill, M.D.
Viscount Nuffield, G.B.E., F.R.S., F.R.C.S.

Howard Rusk
Prof. Fabian W. G. Langenskiold
The World Veterans Federation

Mary E. Switzer
Gudmund Harlem, M.D.
Paul W. Brand, M.D.

Renato da Costa Bomfim, M.D.
Kurt Jansson
Leonard W. Mayo

Poul Stochholm, Wiktor Dega, M.D, and Eugene J. Taylor

Gustav Gringas, M.D.
Dr. and Mrs. Raden Soeharso
Professor Andre Trannoy
The International Labour Organization

James F. Garrett, Ph.D.
Kamala V. Nimbkar
Jean Regniers

Albert Lasker Awards Given by the National Committee Against Mental Illness

Colonel William C. Menninger

Major General G. Brock Chisholm
Brigadier John Rawlings Rees

W. Horsley Gantt, M.D.
Jules H. Masserman, M.D.
Walter Lerch and Douglas Rice Sharpe, M.D.

Lawrence K. Frank
Catherine Mackenzie

C. Anderson Aldrich, M.D.
Mike Gorman
AI Ostrow

Mildred C. Scoville
Albert Deutsch

Albert Lasker Awards Given by Planned Parenthood — World Population

John MacLeod, Ph.D.
Felix Underwood

Robert Latou Dickinson, M.D.
Irl Cephas Riggin, M.D.

Alan F. Guttmacher, M.D.
Abraham Stone, M.D.

John Rock, M.D.
Richard N. Pierson, M.D.

George M. Cooper, M.D.
Carl G. Hartman, M.D.

Margaret Sangerz
Bessie L. Moses, M.D.

Guy Irving Burch
William Vogt

John William
Roy Norton, M.D., M.P.H.
Herbert Thorns, M.D.
Eleanor Bellows Pillsbury

Harry Emerson Fosdick, D.D.
Elise Ottesen-Jensen

Lady Dhanvanthi Rama Rau
M.C. Chang, Ph.D.
Howard C. Taylor, M.D.

Warren 0. Nelson, M.D.
Robert Carter Cook

Harrison S. Brown, Ph.D.

Sir Julian Huxley

Gregory Pincus, Sc.D.

John D. Rockefeller, III

Cass Canfield

C. Lee Buxton, M.D.
Estelle T. Griswold

Albert Lasker Medical Journalism Awards

William L. Laurence, The New York Times, series on Cortizone and ACTH.
Herbert and Dixie Yahraes, Collier's, "Our Daughter Is An Epileptic."

Don Dunham, Cleveland Press, series, "Fluorides and Your Children's Teeth."
Berton Roueche, The New Yorker, "The Fog" and" A Pig From New Jersey," two articles on air pollution and trichinosis.

Bob Considine, International News Service, "How Soon Will We Conquer Cancer?"
Albert Q. Maisel, Life, "Scandal Results in Real Reforms," conditions in mental institutions.
Selig Greenberg, Providence R.I. Journal, "Medicine in Crisis," series on issues in American medical education.

Cathy Covert, Syracuse, N.Y., Herald-Journal, two series on community health programs: "Your Hospital—The Story of A Revolution" and "Exploring Medical Mysteries."
C. John Lear, Collier's, "Science May Give You a Second Heart."

David Dietz, Scripps-Howard Newspapers, series on care of iron-lung polio patients.
Bill Davidson, Collier's, "The Truth about the TB Miracle Drugs."
The New York Times, for the excellence of its daily medical reporting, with a citation to Waldemar Kaempffert for his authoritative weekly columns, "Science in Review."

Alton Blakeslee, Associated Press, "Secrets of Life" series on scientific research at the Marine Biological Laboratories, Woods Hole, Massachusetts.
Robert Coughlan, Life, "Tracking the Killer," development of the Salk polio vaccine.
Milton Silverman, Saturday Evening Post, "The Drug That Fooled the Doctors," on the first uses of the Rauwolfia drugs in hypertension and mental diseases.

Selig Greenberg, Providence, R.I. Journal, series, "Hormones: Revolution in Medicine."
Joan Geyer, Provo, Utah, Daily Herald, "The Secret Sickness-Mental Illness."
Steven M. Spencer, Saturday Evening Post, "Mystery of the Blinded Babies," on retrolental fibroplasia.
"March of Medicine," documentary on the latest developments in medical research, produced by Smith, Kline & French Laboratories, and broadcast over NBC network.

Robert S. Bird, New York Herald Tribune, series on venereal disease.
Roland H. Berg, Look, "The State of the Nation's Health."
Public Affairs Department, CBS and Station WCBS-TV, New York, jointly, for documentaries: "Out of Darkness," on mental illness, and "The Wassaic Story," on mental retardation, televised over CBS network.

Earl Ubell, New York Herald Tribune, series, "Will You Have A Heart Attack?"
Victor Cohn, Minneapolis Tribune, series on need for a children's mental illness treatment center in Minnesota.
Lois Mattox Miller and James Monahan, Reader's Digest, "The Facts Behind Filter-Tip Cigarettes " and "Wanted—And Available—Filter-Tips That Really Filter."

Joseph Kahn, New York Post, series, "Controversy Over Contraceptive Counseling in New York Municipal Hospitals."
Francis Bello, Fortune, "The Murderous Riddle of Coronary Disease."
"Today," NBC- TV, for the excellence of its coverage of significant events in medical research, including the notable mental health program "The Open Door."
Albert Wasserman, CBS Television Network, two programs, on "The Addicted" in "The Twentieth Century Series."

Fern Maria Eckman, New York Post, series, "Children in Trouble," on the problems of emotionally disturbed children.
Special Award—Dr. Howard Rusk, for his editorial leadership in advancing medical research and public health programs in his weekly columns in The New York Times.
Robert Coughlan, Life, "World Birth Control Challenge." Station KMOX, St. Louis, Mo., series, "The Changing Mind," 13 programs on progress in treating the mentally ill; and series, "Eye on St. Louis," recognizing especially the broadcast of a corneal transplant eye operation.
Special Award to Fred W. Friendly, Howard K. Smith, and Av Westin, for CBS REPORTS: "The Population Explosion."

Don Seaver, Charlotte Observer, series on North Carolina's Neglected Mentally III Children.
Berton Roueche, The New Yorker, "Annals of Medicine: Alcohol."
1960 Station Award to KCRA-TV, Sacramento, "The Face of Despair," written by Stan Atkinson, on the plight of the mentally ill.
1960 Network Award to CBS for the CBS REPORTS "Biography of a Cancer," originated by Gene De Poris and produced in collaboration with Fred W. Friendly, Albert Wasserman, and Howard K. Smith.

Michael Mok, N.Y. World Telegram & Sun, series, "I Was A Mental Patient."
Gilbert Cant, TIME, "Medicine Gains on Viruses, Virologist—John Enders."
Station WBAL-Baltimore, Maryland, "The Dark Corner," written and narrated by Rolf Hertzgard, on mental retardation.

Alton Blakeslee, Associated Press, series, "New Treatments for the Mentally Ill."
John Osmundsen, The New York Times, "Biologists Hopeful of Solving Secrets of Heredity This Year."
CBS Television Network, CBS REPORTS, "Birth Control and the Law," produced and written by Stephen Fleischman; Executive Producer, Fred W. Friendly.
Richard Heffron, "In Mortal Combat," broadcast over Station KSD-TV, St. Louis, Missouri.

Bill Burrus, Dallas Times Herald, series, "Tomorrow's Damned."
Gilbert Cant, TIME, "Surgery, the Best Hope of All."
Lois Mattox Miller and James Monahan, Reader's Digest, "The Cigarette Controversy: A Storm is Brewing."
Paul Cunningham, NBC "Today," network series on mental retardation.

Alton Blakeslee, Associated Press, and Jeremiah Stamler, M.D., series, "Your Heart Has Nine Lives."
Matt Clark, Newsweek, "Birth Control: The Pill and the Church."
CBS REPORTS, "The Business of Heroin," produced, written and reported by Jay McMullen, Executive Producer, Fred W. Friendly.
Edgar T. Bell, "The Twilight World," documentary on mental retardation; written and produced by Harlan Mendenhall, broadcast over KWTV, Oklahoma City.

Joann Rodgers and Louis Linley, The News American, Baltimore, front-page series, "Your Health and Medicine."
Gerald Astor, Look, "Stroke: Second Greatest Crippler."
Station WABC-TV, New York, "Who Will Tie My Shoe?" —documentary on mental retardation, written by Edward Magruder Jones, produced by him and Pat Powell, with Edwin Silverman, Executive Producer.

Barbara Yuncker, New York Post, series, "The Pill."
Lawrence Lessing, Fortune, series, "The Biology Revolution."
The American Broadcasting Company, "The Long Childhood of Timmy," written by Susan Garfield, produced by Stephen Fleischman, directed by Nicholas Webster, narrated by E. G. Marshall.
Station WXYZ-TV, Detroit, for the "End Measles Sunday" campaign.
Albert Rosenfeld, Life, for his leadership in medical journalism.

Carl M. Cobb, The Boston Globe, series "Mississippi Medicine."
Matt Clark, Newsweek, "The Heart: Miracle in Capetown."
CBS News, for The Twenty-First Century series program, "Man-Made Man," written by Fred Warshofsky, produced by Isaac Kleinerman, with Burton Benjamin as Executive Producer.

Barbara Yuncker, New York Post, series, "The Human Brain."
C. P. Gilmore, The New York Sunday Times Magazine, "Instead of a Heart, A Man-Made Pump."
NBC News. "The American Alcoholic," written, produced and directed by Len Giovannitti. Associate, Raphael Abramovitz; Narrator, John Daly.
Municipal Broadcasting System (WNYC/WNYCFM/WNYC-TV), "The Voice of the City." Accepted by Seymour Siegel.

Judith Randal, Washington Evening Star.
Gene Bylinsky, Fortune.
Network Award, CBS News, "The First Ten Months of Life," produced by Isaac Kleinerman, written by Judy Towers; Executive Producer, Burton Benjamin; Narrator, Walter Cronkite.
ABC, "Heart Attack, " Producer, Lester Cooper; Director, Aram Boyajian; Narrator, E.G. Marshall; Cameraman, Richard Roy.
WNED-TV, Buffalo, "Smoking and Health: The Tar Factor." Executive Producer, John L. Hutchinson, Jr.; Director, Hugh Downing; Writer, Mildred Spencer; Cameraman, Robert Lehmann.
WITI-TV 6, Milwaukee, "A Change of Heart," written, produced and directed by Fred Cowley; Narrator, Carl Zimmerman; Cameraman, James Pluta.